||Detectability of sine-versus square-wave disparity gratings: A challenge for current models of depth perception
Stereo vision is an area in which we are increasingly able to construct detailed numerical models of the computations carried out by cerebral cortex. Piecewise-frontoparallel cross-correlation is one such model, closely based on the known physiology and able to explain important aspects of human stereo depth perception. Here, we show that it predicts important differences in the ability to detect disparity gratings with square-wave vs. sine-wave profiles. In particular, the model can detect square-wave gratings up to much higher disparity amplitudes than sine-wave gratings. We test this prediction in human subjects and find that it is not borne out. Rather there seems to be little or no difference between the detectability of square- and sine-wave disparity gratings for human subjects. We conclude that the model needs further refinement in order to capture this aspect of human stereo vision.