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Motor space structures perceptual space: Evidence from human saccadic adaptation.

Saccadic adaptation is the progressive correction of systematic saccade targeting errors. When a saccade to a particular target is adapted, saccades within a spatial window around the target, the adaptation field, are affected as a function of their distance from the adapted target. Furthermore, previous studies suggest that saccadic adaptation might modify the perceptual localization of objects in space. We investigated the localization of visual probes before and after saccadic adaptation, and examined whether the spatial layout of the observed mislocalizations was structurally similar to the saccadic adaptation field. We adapted a horizontal saccade directed towards a target 12 deg to the right. Thirty-eight saccades towards the right visual hemifield were then used to measure the adaptation field. The adaptation field was asymmetric: transfer of adaptation to saccades larger than the adapted saccade was greater than transfer to smaller saccades. Subjects judged the localization of 39 visual probes both within and outside the adaptation field. The perceived localization of a probe at a given position was proportional to the amount of transfer from the adapted saccade to the saccade towards that position. This similar effect of saccadic adaptation on both the action and perception representations of space suggests that the system providing saccade metrics also contributes to the metric used for the perception of space. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)