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Temporal learning in 4 1/2 - and 6-year-old children: Role of instructions and prior knowledge.

Investigated effects of different types of instructions (high-rate, interval, and minimal) during training with an FI schedule as a function of prior acquired temporal knowledge. A pretest was used to assess 48 4 1/2 - and 6-yr-old children's ability to understand the temporal parameters of an FI schedule of reinforcement. The results as a whole show that the control exerted by instructions given by the experimenter or elaborated by the Ss themselves on FI performance depended on the interaction of 2 factors: development of verbal self-control skills and mastery of knowledge required by the rules forming the instructions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)