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Syllabic processing and visual word recognition in eleven year-old French dyslexics, below average readers and normal readers / Traitement syllabique au cours de la reconnaissance de mots ecrits chez des enfants dyslexiques, lecteurs en retard et normo-lecteurs de 11 ans

Compared the reading processes used by 11-yr-olds diagnosed with more or less severe reading impairment. Ss were male and female school-age children in France divided into 3 groups: 33 dyslexic Ss reading at a 9-yr-old level or worse, 12 Ss reading at a 9-10 yr old level, and 10 normal readers (control group). Ss were presented with a visual adaptation of a monitoring task (J. Mehler et al, 1981) requiring detection of a 2-letter or 3-letter target string at the initial position of a familiar or unfamiliar word. The target strings had a consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) or CV structure that matched or did not match the 1st syllable of the word. Normal readers processed unfamiliar words phonologically and processed familiar words orthographically. Below-average readers processed all words phonologically but used syllabic units with familiar words vs phonemic units with unfamiliar words. Dyslexic readers used a letter-by-letter strategy involving a visuo-orthographic procedure. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)



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