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Reading derivationally affixed French words

Investigated recognition of multimorphemic French words using a procedure that allowed the position of 1st fixation of the eye to be manipulated and gaze durations to be recorded. Results of Exp 1, with 50 French undergraduates, indicate that prefixed and suffixed words were recognized most rapidly when the eye started at points at which the words' stems could be seen distinctly. In Exp 2, with 42 French undergraduates, gaze durations for prefixed words equated for surface frequency were longer for words with low-frequency vs high-frequency stems. Findings support the idea that complex words are accessed in terms of their stems and that the order in which affixes are listed in an entry is determined by the surface frequency of the entire word formed by the stem plus affix. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)



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